Early Archaic: 7,000 BC - 5,500 BC
For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html
Early Stemmed Lanceolate
Northern Side Notched
Red River Knife
The archaic is a long time periods, and is often divided into Early, Middle and Late Archaic.
The Archaic period is the era of the hunters and gatherers. So what makes it so different from the Paleo that it gets to be its own period? In a nutshell, more permanent camps. At some point as the population continued to grow and with the large mammals now extinct, man began to settle down a bit. More permanent camps were established, and along with hunting the local area around the camps, man began to gather and store food items such as nuts, seeds and roots. I believe these camps would be used until the game in the area became harder to find or the water source became tainted, at which point the village would be moved.
The predominate weapon during this period was the atl-atl and remained so throughout the entire Archaic period.
Often collectors will hear the term “Transitional Paleo”. This is used when describing some items that were believed to have been manufactured between 6,000 or so BC and 7,500 or so BC. As the time periods are general in nature, there was no doubt a transitional period.