Flint Time Periods PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 18 October 2010 15:55

Paleo:  12,000 BC - 8,000 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Clovis
Cumberland
Folsom
Goshen
Midland
Milnesand Point
Paleo Square Knife
Redstone

 

It is possible that the Paleo period began much earlier, and I personally think as new evidence is found in years to come the beginning date will be found to have been much earlier. However, the above date is a good reference point for the solid evidence that has been recorded thus far.

The Paleo people came to this continent walking upright. While I am sure by today’s standards, they probably needed haircuts and a good shave, I doubt they looked like the stereotypical cavemen that are seen in the Gieco commercials.  Paleo Indians were known to be nomadic, and followed the huge herds of animals that were their staple diet.  With the exception of the Paleo Crossing site here in Ohio, Paleo camp sites do not have evidence of post holes, and thus their use of permanent type dwellings in a village setting has never been established. It is therefore believed that Paleo Indians traveled in small bands or clans, normally staying close to rivers and major water sources.

Paleo Indians used thrusting spears, and at some point during the Paleo period, the atl-atl was believed to have been invented.  The Atl-atl is a hand held spear thrower that acts as an extension of the arm allowing man to throw his spears with more distance and impact power.

I am sure that the Paleo people hunted smaller game such as elk, deer and turkey – but they are best known for being the only Indians to hunt the megafauna – the large extinct animals such as wooly mammoths.  By the end of the Paleo period, the age of the large mammals had come to a close with their final extinction.

  

 Clovis

Clovis

 

Dalton / Transitional Paleo:  8,000 BC - 6,500 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Agate Basin
Alamance
Allen
Beaver Lake
Coldwater
Dalton
Golondrina
Greenbrier
Hardaway
Hell Gap
Ovoid Knife
Paint Rock Valley
Paleo Dart
Pelican Point
Plainview
Quad
San Patrice
Simpson

 Dalton

Dalton

 

Early Archaic:  7,000 BC - 5,500 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Alberta
Angostura
Big Sandy
Bolen
Browns Valley
Cache River
Calf Creek
Cobbs
Cossatot River
Decatur
Dovetail
Early Stemmed Lanceolate
Early Triangular
Eden
Firstview
Fox Valley
Gilchrist
Graham Cave
Hardin
Harpeth River
Heavy Duty
Hidden Valley
Holland
Hoxie
Jude
Kirk
Kirk Serrated
Lake Erie
Lecroy
Leighton
Lost Lake
Maccorkle
Northern Side Notched
Ocala
Palmer
Pine Tree
Pryor
Pulaski Point
Red River Knife
Rice Lanceolate
Rice Lobbed
Savage Cave
Scottsbluff
Searcy
Standlee
Stanfield
Stilwell
Stringtown
Thebes
Warrick

The archaic is a long time periods, and is often divided into Early, Middle and Late Archaic.
The Archaic period is the era of the hunters and gatherers.  So what makes it so different from the Paleo that it gets to be its own period?  In a nutshell, more permanent camps.  At some point as the population continued to grow and with the large mammals now extinct, man began to settle down a bit. More permanent camps were established, and along with hunting the local area around the camps, man began to gather and store food items such as nuts, seeds and roots.  I believe these camps would be used until the game in the area became harder to find or the water source became tainted, at which point the village would be moved.

The predominate weapon during this period was the atl-atl and remained so throughout the entire Archaic period.

Often collectors will hear the term “Transitional Paleo”. This is used when describing some items that were believed to have been manufactured between 6,000 or so BC and 7,500 or so BC.  As the time periods are general in nature, there was no doubt a transitional period.

 Dovetail

Dovetail

Graham_Cave

Graham Cave

Thebes

Thebes

 

Middle Archaic:  5,500 BC - 3,000 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Benton
Big Slough
Buzzard Roost Creek
Carrolton
Crescent Knife
Cypress Creek
Dawson
Elk River
Escobas
Eva
Godar
Guilford
Hamilton
Hemphill
Hickory Ridge
Hillsborough
Jackie Stem
Johnson
La Jita
Lookingbill
Marion
Marrow Mountain
Marshall
Martindale
Mckean
Neuberger
Newnan
Osceola
Pelican Lake
Pickwick
Putnam Point
Raddatz
Ramey Knife
Robinson
Six Mile Creek
Stanley
Tortugas
Turrin
Uvalde

 Benton

Benton

Pickwick

Pickwick

 

Late Archaic:  3,000 BC - 1,000 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Afton
Bakers Creek
Base Tang Knife
Big Creek
Buck Creek
Bulverde
Castorville
Chesterfield
Corner Tang Knife
Covington
Cresap
Culbreath
Dallas
Darl
Etley
Ferry
Fish Spear
Frio
Genessee
Hanna
Hernando
Kinney
Langtry-Arenosa
Lerma
Levy
Little Bear Creek
Little River
Matanzas
Meadowood
Mehlville
Montel
Mulberry Creek
Nebo Hill
Nolan
Palmillas
Pedernalis
Savannah River
Sedalia
Sedalia Digger
Seminole
Shumla
Smith
South Prong Creek
Spring Creek
Stone Square Stem
Table Rock
Wade
Wadlow
Wells
Williams

 

 Etley

Etley

Sedalia

Sedalia

 

Early Woodland:  1,000 BC - 500 BC

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Adena
Carter
Duran
Edgewood
Ensor
Epps
Evans
Fairland
Flint Creek
Frazier
Gary
Helton
Kampsville
King Corner Notch
Kramer
Lange
Marcos Point
Morse Knife
Motley
Oauchita
Orient
Peisker Diamond
Pontchartrain
Smithsonia
Turkey Tail

By the arrival of the Woodland Period, man was flourishing in North America. Most all of the areas of the continent show evidence of mans presence, and he was settled down into growing villages and was beginning to learn about farming and domesticating plants, and the technology of pottery making began. At some point during this period the bow and arrow was believed to have been invented, although the Atl-atl was still a well used weapon.

The Woodland Period was also the beginning of higher degrees of governmental societies where huge mounds were built by the Adena and the Hopewell people.  Such large scale tasks would require a higher level of structured government.

 Adena

Adena

Motley

Motley

 

Middle Woodland:  500 BC - 400 AD

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Besant
Burkett
Copena
Cotaco Creek
Gibson
Godley
Grand
Hopewell
Lowe
North
Snyder

 Hopewell

Hopewell

 

Late Woodland:  400 AD - 800 AD

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Apple Creek
Jacks Reef
Knight Island
Pogo
Rice Shallow Side Notch
Scallorn
Steuban
Walla Knife
Yadkin

Apple_Creek

Apple Creek

 

Mississippian:  800 AD - 1,650 AD

For more detailed information on this time period, please click here:http://www.arrowheads.com/index.php/community/community-blogs/understanding-north-american-time-periods-.html

Avonlea
Bird Point
Bonham Point
Cahokia
Cupp
Harahay
Hays
Kays
Madison
Mineral Springs
Plains Triangular
Sallisaw
Sequoyah
Talco

By now America was filling quickly with people. The huge city of Cahokia which covered over 5 square miles was built and the pottery craft was at its peak. Pottery was tempered with shell and other materials to make it stronger, and farming was a huge part of the Natives diet.

Soon, Europeans would find America, bringing with them the diseases that Natives could not fight such as smallpox and many other infectious diseases and the population of North America would see a staggering reduction that would end the Mississippian Period, and begin the Historic.

 Cahokia

Cahokia

 


Last Updated on Tuesday, 19 October 2010 13:01